Number 10 Downing Street: This website is maintained by the Prime Minister's office.
Parliament: As the name implies, this is the official website of the UK Parliament.
House of Lords home page: They may not be with us much longer, but for several hundred years, they've been an important part of British Politics. Always with an inbuilt Conservative majority, the Lords have had an important impact on political events during most of the 19th century. It is only at the end of the 19th century and beginning of the 20th that things changed.
United Kingdom Election Results: Site dedicated to reporting election results from British elections using "unbiased information and nothing else."
UK National Digital Archive of Datasets: NDAD contains archived digital data from UK government departments and agencies. The system has been available since March 1998 and provides open access to the catalogues of all its holdings, and free access to open datasets following a simple registration process. The information in this archive is primarily UK government data that has been prepared or stored on computer, along with associated documents which are scanned and stored as both image and text files. Public documents on paper which have not been digitized (such as certificates of birth, marriage and death) are not within the present scope of this system.
British Public Records Office: A variety of finding aids to help researchers interested in British topics.
Political Parties/Nationalist Organizations
Labour Party: The Labour Party emerged at the end of the nineteenth century and began to gain political credibility after the world wars. After the Second World War, the old Liberal Party was relegated to a distant third party, leaving Labour in a position of real power (in office, actually!). In the last General Election, Labour won an unheard of landslide under the leadership of Tony Blair.
Conservative Party: After dominating the British political landscape between 1979 and 1996, the Conservative Party (long Britain's dominant party) has fallen on hard times. The issue of Europe has been especially challenging for this unionist (one might well argue nationalist) party.
Liberal Democrats: The Liberal Democrats were formed from a split in the Liberal Party in 1859. They have not had a majority since Asquith, but maintain a growing political presence in Westminister.
Liberal Party: Yet another offshoot of the original Liberal Party (this one much newer). They write: "In 1988 the Liberal Party at national level voted to merge with the SDP to form the Social and Liberal Democrats (now called the Liberal Democrats). Many Liberals were unhappy with this decision and in fact a large number of Liberal members dropped out of political involvement at that time while others decided to continue the Liberal Party. We did so because we believe that the Liberal Party stands for important principles and traditions of politics which are lost in the Liberal Democrats. These have to do with the manner in which politics is conducted as much as with policy matters, although there are major policy differences."
Natural Law Party: A much newer alternative to the major British parties. This one was formed early in 1992.
The Third Way: "UK based political party, formed in 1990, which advocates economic and social justice and reform; also promotes both inclusive, non-parochial nationalism and co-operative internationalism. The party name is often abbreviated to 3W."
United Kingdom Independence Party (UKID): This party grows directly from the European issue and campaigns more or less on a single issue - keeping Britain out of the EU. It was formed in 1995. The party is generally on the right of the political spectrum. The UKID has enjoyed limited success in local government elections.
British National Party (BNP): A far right wing party and the direct descendent of the fascist "National Front" which was a factor during the 1970s. The majority of the BNP's political support in found in poorer London districts (they won a Local Council seat in East London). The media and Britain's other political parties alike have declared the BNP to be racist.
English Defence Force: This group was founded in 1990 and strongly differentiates itself from the BNP. They also distinguish "Britishness" from "Englishness." They claim to be against those who are "anti-English."
New Communist Party of Britain: A Marxist third party.
Democracy Movement: This group hopes to stop the Government from abolishing the pound.
English Democrats: "The English Democrats party was formed in 2002 because the New labour Government in its rush to secure national devolution for Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland, completely ignored the interests and indeed the existence of England. Our primary objective is the creation of an English Parliament and Executive within the United Kingdom with the same powers as the Scottish Parliament and Executive."
Campaign for an Independent Britain: In the same spirit as the UKID and Democracy Movement, this site hopes to pressure the government to keep Britain out of the EU and monetary union.
Tourism/HeritageEnglish Heritage: English Heritage was formed by the government in 1984 to look after England's "heritage." They manage most of England's historic sites including castles, stone circles and so forth. The much-older and mostly private National Trust manages manor houses and estates.
Knowhere Guide to the Knowhere Guide: A useful travel resource, this site is aimed at younger Web users and provides an interest take on British travel.
Tourism UK South East On Line - South East England Tourist Board: One of many tourist boards which works to increase the already massive British tourist industry - an industry which has received considerable criticism among art critics and academics for condemning Britain to live only in its past rather than creating a new future.
A Brief History of England: A product of Britannia Internet Magazine, this site provides a brief but entertaining account of British history from earliest times to the present.
Encyclopedia of British History, 1700-1950: "British History: 1700-1950 is a comprehensive encyclopedia being produced for the NGfL. The encyclopedia currently contains over 2,800 entries and is an attempt to show the history of Britain through the eyes of people from all levels of society. The text within each entry is hyperlinked to other relevant pages in the encyclopedia. In this way it is possible to research individual people and events in great detail. The sources are also hyperlinked so the student is able to find out about the writer, artist, newspaper, organisation, etc., that produced the material."
Victoriana: Resources on Victorian Living: An interesting collection of articles, links and other resources focused on Victorian living.
Victoria Research Web: Victoria Research Web is "a collection of resources assembled by the founder of the VICTORIA discussion list [Patrick Leary]. Like VICTORIA, the VRW is dedicated to the scholarly study of nineteenth-century Britain, and to aiding researchers, teachers, and students in their investigations of any and all aspects of this fascinating period. VRW is intended to supply a handy set of tips and links to help Victorianists find the practical information they need, whether it's an archive catalogue, a bibliography, a listserv address, a sample syllabus, a place to stay in London, or a journal's submission guidelines. Some of these are materials we've assembled here, while others are links to websites across the Internet."
Victorian Studies on the Web: A "source of information on every important publication from 1945 to 1999 on every field of Victorian Studies."
London Gazette: Issues of the London Gazette from 1674-1682. This is not a complete collection (there are only about 6 issues online), but it is a fascinating resource and provides a window (however small) into 17th century London.
Midwest Victorian Studies Association: "Dedicated to the multidisciplinary study of the Victorian Period in Britain, the association's membership is comprised primarily of teachers, scholars, and students of history, literature, art history, music, philosophy, and religion--specialists and generalists alike. ... the MVSA's principal purpose has been to foster new understandings and appreciations of the Victorians...."
York Archaeological Trust: "York Archaeological Trust is one of the United Kingdoms foremost institutions dedicated to historical and archaeological research."
Jorvik Viking Centre: An early example of the new style of museum/entertainment center. Designed to show tourists what it would have been like to live in Viking-era York.
Bede's World: Bede's World tells the story of the life and times of the Venerable Bede (AD 673-735), the Northumbrian boy who grew up to be one of the most important scholars of the Early Middle Ages. .
British and Irish Archeaological Bibliography: "The British & Irish Archaeological Bibliography (BIAB) exists to help you find out about archaeology via the published sources. Every six months we issue an up-to-date printed guide to what is being published now (the British & Irish Archaeological Bibliography - available on subscription). You can also search our Internet-mounted database which allows you to search for references to material published from 1695 to 1991 - a range that begins with the writings of the early antiquaries (like Aubrey, Borlase, and Stukeley) and ends with post-processualism and planning-led contract archaeology. The purpose of these pages is to introduce you to the BIAB service, indicate the range of published sources that are available, give contact details for publishers so you can obtain publications that interest you, and to show how to subscribe to BIAB."
North American Conference on British Studies: "The North American Conference on British Studies (NACBS) is a scholarly society dedicated to the study of British civilization in all its aspects. The NACBS sponsors scholarly publications and an annual conference, as well as several academic prizes and graduate fellowships. While the largest single group of its members teach British history in colleges and universities in the United States and Canada, the NACBS has significant representation among specialists in literature, art history, politics, law, sociology, and economics. Its membership also includes teachers at universities in countries outside North America, secondary school teachers, and independent scholars."
The Times: Aside from being a fantastically designed website, this is also one of Britain's oldest and best thought-of newspapers. It tends to have a slightly conservative bias.
The Guardian: Another of Britain's major newspapers. This one tends slightly more to the left than does the Time.
The Independent: Another of Britain's major newspapers. Again, this paper leans toward the left.
BritainUSA: Contains news and events listings from around the UK.
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Eric G.E. Zuelow
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